There are some fundamental reasons why so many people suffer with the uncomfortable condition of bloating. Here I outline four of the top contenders.
1. A diet high in carbohydrates and sugars that is feeding pathogenic organisms in your gut
Unbeneficial bacteria and yeast in your gut, who love to feed of carbohydrates and sugars, may well be causing you to feel bloated. If your diet includes the consumption of excessive amounts of carbohydrates and sugars in the form of junk foods, baked goods, chocolate, sweets, dried fruits, fruits high in sugar, alcohol, potatoes, rice, bread, etc, the unbeneficial bacteria in your gut are having a party at your expense. As they will be producing gas when they digest these carbohydrates, which in turn will cause you to experience bloating.
2. Eating too late in the evening
Your gastrointestinal (GI) tract slows down in the evening and the night, resulting in slower excretion of digestive products and gut motility (the stretching and contracting of the muscles in the GI tract, which enables your food to move along the digestive tract to be absorbed). By eating too much and too late in the evening, you prolong the exposure of digestive nutrients to the bacteria in your intestines, allowing unbeneficial bacteria to feed and grow off these nutrients, and as previously mentioned, the digestion of carbohydrates by these bacteria produce gas resulting in you feeling bloated.
3. Chronic stress and low levels of gastric acid, bile, and digestive enzymes
In the upper section of your gut, the combination of gastric acid, bile, and digestive enzymes create a harsh environment for pathogenic organisms to survive in. However, should your levels of these secretions decrease, due to constant chronic stress for example, pathogenic organisms will begin to inhabit the upper section of your gut, which can then lead to a condition called SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth) resulting in bloating and other symptoms such as acid reflux, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, etc.
4. Lactose intolerance
If you cannot digest lactose (the sugar found in milk) this could be causing you to feel bloated. Reason being is that if you lack the intestinal enzymes to break down milk sugar (this is the condition known as lactose intolerance), the milk sugar will then proceed on to your colon, at which point it will be broken down by your bacterial enzymes into gases, leading to bloating being felt. Actually, no human can successfully digest milk products. The milk from a cow, the proteins, sugars, and hormones that it contains, are meant to do one thing, provide sufficient nutrients to raise a calf, not humans.